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A Comprehensive Guide to Company Formation in Luxembourg

Luxembourg, a small nation in Europe, stands apart as a global business hub. Over the years, it has earned a stellar reputation as a prime commercial destination. Located between Belgium, France, and Germany, Luxembourg offers seamless access to the key European markets.

In recent years, Luxembourg has improved in terms of complexity in business environments, currently placed in the 57th position, improving significantly from the 66th rank as published in the previous report. The country is known for its political stability, robust economy, and favorable tax environment. Interestingly, setting up a company in Luxembourg takes just two weeks. For entrepreneurs and MNCs, Luxembourg continues to be dynamic business destination.

In this comprehensive guide, we have explained the process of company formation in Luxembourg. Read on to understand its favourable business environment and how to choose

The Favourable Business Environment In Luxembourg

Starting a business in Luxembourg brings several strategic advantages to entrepreneurs and new companies. Thanks to its tactical geographical location, the country is located at the crossroads of major European trade routes. This ensures an easy access to a market of 500 million consumers, which explains why companies doing business in Luxembourg manage to grow and prosper so rapidly.

Apart from ensuring political and social stability, the government of Luxembourg is committed to maintaining a liberal legal environment that supports business growth and innovation. Businesses operating in this country benefit from high levels of discretion and confidentiality.

In terms of cross-border financial and capital flows, Luxembourg enjoys adequate freedom. This is particularly essential for MNCs. The easy movement of capital and liberal approach to finance simplifies cross-border transactions.

Evidently, the business environment in Luxembourg fosters growth and encourages foreign investment to benefit both international and local companies.

Company Formation in Luxembourg

Legal Structures for Luxembourg Company Incorporation

Enterprises bracing up for a company formation in Luxembourg must choose the most appropriate legal structure. In this country, businesses can select several structures based on their sizes and needs. Check out this overview of the most common types of companies in Luxembourg.

1. Public Limited Company (Société Anonyme - SA)

Larger companies planning to raise capital through public offerings are public limited. Forming such a company requires a minimum share capital of EUR 30,000, which must be fully subscribed. 25% of this capital should be paid up during the company incorporation process. In an SA, the governance structure is complex, and includes a board of directors and general meetings.

2. Private Limited Company (Société à Responsabilité Limitée - Sàrl and Sàrl-S)

For small or medium-sized businesses, the private limited structure is ideal during the Luxembourg company Incorporation process. The minimum share capital required for form such a company is EUR 12,000. Enterprises mostly form private limited companies in Luxembourg considering its relatively simple setup and management structure. This business structure suits small startups and requires low initial capital.

3. Partnership Structures

There are two types of partnership structures in the country. Companies doing business in Luxembourg can follow the general partnership structure, where all the partners share unlimited liability, or limited partnership (Société en Commandite Simple – SECS). A limited partnership company involves a mix of general partners with unlimited liability and limited partners whose liability is restricted to their investment.

4. Specialized Structures

Cooperative companies (Société Coopérative – SC) are suitable for cooperative ventures, while businesses can also follow the European Company (Societas Europaea – SE) structure, where they can operate on a European scale with a unified management system.

During company formation in Luxembourg, it’s imperative to understand the distinct advantages of each of these structures and choose the right one based on your business goals. Successful businesses rightly consult legal and business advisors to make an informed decision.

A Step-By-Step Guide to the Luxembourg Company Incorporation Process

The overall timeframe for the legal proceedings during Luxembourg company incorporation takes around two weeks. However, companies need to follow several steps, which we have comprehensively outlined for your convenience.

1. Choose the Proper Business Structure

Based on the nature of your business and its scale of operation, determine the most suitable legal structure from the four broad categories presented earlier in this guide.

2. Draft the Articles of Incorporation

Prepare the articles for setting up a company in Luxembourg. It should provide adequate information about the purpose of the company, its capital structure, and governance. The document has to comply with the law in Luxembourg, so make sure to seek professional consultancy during the process.

3. Authenticate the articles

The articles of incorporation must be authenticated, so businesses need to get them certified by an authority. This ensures the genuineness and legality of the articles.

4. Minimum capital requirements

Depending on the type of business structure you selected, make sure to meet the minimum capital requirements. For instance, the minimum capital share for an SA is EUR 30,000, while that for a Sàrl is EUR 12,000.

5. Open a Bank Account

Any entity doing business in Luxembourg would need a bank account in the country to deposit the necessary share capital. On receiving the deposit, the bank will issue a certificate, which businesses require during the registration process.

6. Registration with the Trade and Companies Register (RCS)

Submit the notarized articles of incorporation and the bank certificate to the RCS. This is the official step for your company formation in Luxembourg, and the RCS will generate a unique registration number for your business.

7. Obtaining a Business Permit

Reach out to the Ministry of the Economy to apply a business permit. Most commercial activities in Luxembourg require this permit, ensuring that your business adheres to the national guidelines.

How are companies taxed in Luxembourg?

The business-friendly tax regime of Luxembourg is one of the primary reasons it attracts global companies. Entities doing business in Luxembourg must understand the tax structure, as presented below.

1. Corporate Income Tax

Resident companies in Luxembourg need to pay corporate income tax (CIT) on their worldwide income. The CIT rate is around 24.94%, including the solidarity surcharge. Businesses in Luxembourg with a taxable income over EUR 200,000 are liable to pay CIT at this rate. Businesses with lower levels of income benefit from reduced tax rates.
2. Municipal Business Tax
Companies operating in Luxembourg need to pay a municipal business tax in addition to CIT. The rate of MBT is subject to variation based on the municipality. This tax is levied on the net profits of the company. In Luxembourg City, the municipal tax rate is currently 6.75%.
3. Net Wealth Tax
The net assets of businesses operating in Luxembourg are subjected to a net wealth tax (NWT). For net assets up to EUR 500 million, this tax rate is a nominal 0.5%, while the portion exceeding this threshold is taxed at 0.05%.
4. Value Added Tax (VAT)
At 17%, the VAT rate in Luxembourg is the lowest in the EU. Specific goods and services like food, books, and medical supplies are taxed at reduced rates of 8%, 3%, and 0%. After setting up a company in Luxembourg, the entity needs to register for VAT and adhere to the prescribed filling requirements.
5. Other Taxes
Luxembourg levies withholding taxes on dividends, interest, and royalties paid to non-residents. On dividends, this tax rate is currently 15%, although there’s a provision of reducing or eliminating it altogether under double tax treaties or the EU Parent-Subsidiary Directive.
Tax Incentives and Relief in Luxembourg
Businesses operating in Luxembourg enjoy several tax incentives. The government actively encourages innovation and investment in the country, and comes up with:
It’s imperative to consult reputed tax professionals for a detailed insight into these incentives.
Tax Incentives for Foreign Investment
Luxembourg attracts foreign investors with several tax incentives. These perks encourage investment and innovation, fueling better economic growth.
1. Capital Grants and Financing
New investors in various sectors like industry, crafts, and services receive financing options from the National Credit and Investment Corporation. This financing may be available in the form of equity investments, loans, or guarantees, helping businesses secure the necessary capital for growth.
2. Tax Relief for New Investments
Companies undertaking new investments in Luxembourg benefit from significant tax relief. This includes investment tax credits that encourage business expansion.
3. Research and Development (R&D) Incentives
The government of Luxembourg encourages innovation and provides generous incentives for R&D activities. Companies engaging in R&D can benefit from tax credits and grants. This covers a significant part of their research expenses.
4. Green Technology Investments
Luxembourg also promotes sustainable development through incentives for investments in green technologies. Businesses investing in eco-friendly technologies can receive grants and tax incentives.
5. Double Tax Treaties
Luxembourg has signed double tax treaties with more than 80 countries. These treaties eliminate double taxation, making the country a highly sought-after business hub.
Professional Consultancy for Company Formation in Luxembourg

While Luxembourg appeals to global companies and investors with promising commercial avenues, it’s imperative to be on the right track while establishing a business in the country. The IMC Group continues to be the trusted partner for forward-thinking enterprises looking for company formation in Luxembourg. From legal consultancy to assistance in opening a bank account in Luxembourg and comprehensive guidance during the company registration process, businesses can seek every kind of support from this team of experts. With professionals on your side, you can confidently proceed to establishing your new business in Luxembourg.

Comprehensive Guide for Successful Mergers and Acquisitions Deals

Contemporary businesses thrive in a dynamic growth environment, encountering a plethora of challenges during mergers and acquisitions (M&A). With the right strategies in place, these entities can ensure sustainable growth and resilience. While high-profile M&A deals look inspiring, successful businesses rely on established professionals for M&A transaction advisory services. Experienced minds from trusted organizations significantly mitigate the common challenges during M&A deals.

In this comprehensive guide, we have presented enterprises with the blueprint for successful M&A deals.

The Necessity of Programmatic M&A

Programmatic M&A holds paramount importance in the contemporary business landscape. While large-scale mergers and acquisitions grab attention, it’s the strategic execution of smaller, tactical transactions that often deliver substantial long-term returns with manageable risks.

This correlation is backed by authentic research, justifying the impact of structured M&A programs in understanding economic uncertainties and fostering resilience in the organization.

Programmatic M&A is not merely about the volume of deals. Rather, it deals with the tactical alignment with broader corporate objectives. Professional advisory companies proactively identify and pursue opportunities complementing their existing strengths, thereby addressing market gaps. A systematic approach to sourcing and evaluating deals enables organizations to enhance their competitive positioning and drive sustainable growth over time.

Challenges in Executing Programmatic M&A

Although programmatic M&A presents businesses with its suite of benefits, it comes with its set of challenges as well. One common hurdle is the divergence of views among key stakeholders. This leads to the loss of focus during M&A pursuits as the process lacks strategic cohesion. These challenges often arise due to a lack of clarity or alignment between the M&A strategy and the broader objectives of corporate entities.

Businesses also encounter challenges while handling multiple deals within a programmatic framework. This calls for a high level of coordination and integration across various business units. Organizations may struggle to prioritize deals effectively without a clear roadmap.

Programmatic M&A strategies also face challenges due to external factors like market volatility, regulatory changes, and geopolitical uncertainties. Thus, successful M&A deals require a resilient strategy, backed by proper planning and expert advice.

Crafting the M&A Blueprint

A comprehensive M&A blueprint addresses the common challenges of programmatic M&A. This guide aligns strategic objectives, deal sourcing, evaluation criteria, and integration plans, serving as a roadmap for proactive decision-making.

The blueprint begins with a thorough self-assessment. Professional advisory companies evaluate the internal strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats through SWOT analysis to gain valuable insights. They also carry out a comprehensive market analysis to understand industry trends, market dynamics, competitive landscapes, and potential disruptors. Thus, organizations can identify attractive market segments, emerging opportunities, and potential acquisition targets.

The M&A blueprint also defines clear boundary conditions that govern the activities of the organization. These boundary conditions, often set by the CFO or board of directors, specify criteria like deal size, financial metrics, integration timelines, and strategic fit. Organizations can ensure disciplined decision-making and avoid pursuing deals that are outside their strategic scope with this framework in place.

Self-Assessment and Market Analysis

The efficiency of the M&A blueprint largely relies on thorough self-assessment and market analysis. This includes internal strengths, weaknesses, and competencies besides exploring industry trends and growth rates. Professional advisory companies understand these market dynamics and prioritize opportunities aligned with their strategic objectives. This maximizes the likelihood of successful outcomes and creates long-term values in programmatic M&A initiatives.

Defining Boundary Conditions

As a reality check, it’s essential to establish clear boundary conditions, sanctioned by key stakeholders. It details the deal parameters that are allowed, aligning the initiatives of M&A activities with financial objectives and growth strategies.

Identifying M&A Themes

Successful M&A largely depends on identifying and prioritizing strategic themes corresponding to their organizational capabilities and market opportunities. This involves defining deal criteria, screening metrics, and evaluating the suitability of targets within focussed themes.

The "Why" and "Where" Execution Strategies

A robust M&A blueprint not only addresses “why” M&A is pursued but also delineates geographical, product-oriented, and channel-specific strategies. This comprehensive approach shapes their corporate goals for value creation.
The "How" Execution Strategy
The M&A blueprint should come with a detailed integration plan that outlines operational changes and value creation after acquisition. This proactive approach to planning streamlines the execution process post-deals, enhancing operational efficiency significantly.
The Power of a Well-Crafted M&A Blueprint

A meticulously crafted M&A blueprint by experts is indispensable for understanding the complexities of programmatic M&A. Established companies like the IMC Group offering mergers & acquisitions advisory services recommend the right integration strategies to business entities. Partnering with these experts can fortify the market positions of the integrating firms, driving sustainable growth amidst a dynamic economic environment.

Enhancing Operational Resilience through Third-Party Risk Management in Supply Chains


In today’s interconnected business environment, managing supply chain risks is a complex yet essential task for organizations worldwide. A significant challenge these organizations face is the lack of a clear understanding of the risks their suppliers and other third-party entities pose. This gap in knowledge can lead to disruptions in operations, damage to reputation, and adverse financial outcomes. Given the heavy reliance on external products and services, the necessity of implementing a robust strategy to oversee third-party relationships is more crucial than ever.

The Challenge

The primary obstacle organizations encounter is the limited visibility into the operations of their third-party vendors. This opacity presents a considerable risk in managing supply chain issues effectively. Any supplier disruption could potentially halt the organization’s supply chain without adequate insight, causing significant operational and financial setbacks.

Strategy Development

Developing a third-party risk management approach that provides comprehensive insight into the organization’s diverse vendors is fundamental to addressing these challenges. Such an approach is about mitigating risks and understanding and preparing for potential threats across the entire supply chain. The strategy must consider the four pivotal risks: cyberattacks, natural disasters, material scarcity, and economic conditions. These factors can impact suppliers at any stage of the supply chain and, by extension, the organization itself. A detailed and well-executed strategy is essential for mitigating these risks and optimizing outcomes.


With IMC as the implementation partner for Corporater, your organization can leverage a seamless integration and deployment of the Corporater Third-Party Risk Management solution. IMC’s expertise and experience in implementing Corporater will ensure that your third-party risk management strategy is effectively operationalized, aligning with your organization’s specific needs and objectives. IMC’s role as an implementation partner means they will facilitate a tailored setup of the Corporater platform, ensuring that it comprehensively addresses the pivotal risks of cyberattacks, natural disasters, material scarcity, and economic conditions within your supply chain. This partnership allows for a more nuanced and organization-specific approach to mitigating and preparing for potential threats across your vendor network.


The implementation of a Third-Party Risk Management system typically results in enhanced visibility and control over external partnerships, proactive risk identification and mitigation, and assured compliance with regulatory standards. This leads to improved operational resilience, enabling organizations to maintain continuity even in disruptive circumstances. Additionally, this system supports informed decision-making, safeguards the organization’s reputation from potential third-party failures, and promotes cost efficiency by preempting financial losses linked to third-party issues. Overall, the system strengthens stakeholder confidence by demonstrating a robust approach to managing external risks.

In conclusion, the art of shielding your business from supply chain disruptions is effectively managing third-party risks. Organizations that recognize the importance of this aspect and invest in developing a robust management strategy are better positioned to navigate the complexities of modern supply chains. The journey towards operational resilience is ongoing, requiring dedication, insight, and a proactive approach to risk management. IMC is an implementation Partner of Corporater.

Contact us for expert risk management strategies and lasting stakeholder trust.

Strategies for Compliance and Success to Combat Global Mobility Tax Challenges

With paradigms shifting in modern workspaces, global mobility has emerged as a strategic requirement for businesses to leverage cross-border talent. This practice involves relocating employees from one country to another for specific assignments. Employee relocation brings several advantages to the table, such as cultural exchange, talent acquisition, and expanding business. However, the practice isn’t free from tax-related challenges that require businesses to take proactive strategies and carry out meticulous planning to comply with tax regulations.

In this edition, we present you with this complete guide to global mobile strategy, where we have comprehensively discussed various tax-related challenges and recommended the best principles to overcome these legal hurdles.

1. Knowing Tax Residency

In global mobility tax management, tax residency serves as a foundational concept. It defines the legal tax status of a business entity or individual in a given country. The criteria for tax residency vary across jurisdictions. For instance, in Germany, people residing in the country continuously for six months face tax residency obligations.

While the responsibility for declaring tax residence primarily lies with the employee, employers can play a pivotal role in supporting their workforce through proactive measures. With tax equalization or tax protection mechanisms, employees can significantly benefit while exploring tax complexities as they work on international assignments.

Tax protection is all about ensuring that an employee on assignment pays either the same or less tax compared to the amount they would have shelled out in their home country. In case, tax obligations in the host country exceed that in the employees’ home country, the additional tax burden is covered by the company.

On the other hand, if the tax burden is lower in the host country, the employee retains the difference, which fosters a fair and balanced tax approach.

The consequences of incorrectly determining tax residency can be severe, including fees and penalties imposed by foreign authorities.

2. Effect of Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs)

Double Taxation Agreements (DTAs) play a pivotal role in facilitating international business by preventing double taxation of income and property between countries. The prime benefits of DTAs include:

  • Fostering higher trade volumes between two countries
  • Ensuring that taxpayers need to pay tax only in one country
  • Streamlining cross-border business

While DTAs can save money for both the employee and the employer, it comes with a few drawbacks. The varying regulations across countries make such agreements complicated. Businesses must adhere to reporting requirements in both their home country and the country of residence.

One effective strategy to mitigate double taxation risks is to structure compensation packages like salaries or bonuses. While these are taxable for employees, they can also be deducted as business expenses.

3. Taxation of Expat Employees

Employers with a global workforce must understand the complexities of local and national tax laws in the host country. These tax laws encompass income tax regulations, social security systems, and compliance requirements for employee withholding, tax payments, and tax return filings.

Non-compliance with tax laws, even if unintentional, can result in significant financial penalties. Forward-thinking businesses seek professional global mobility services, prioritizing their expertise in mobility tax or international payroll services.

Business travel introduces additional tax considerations, including double taxation, establishment of permanent establishments, and tax withholding obligations. In certain cases, the situation amounts to permanent establishment when a company conducts business activities at a fixed place in the host country, triggering tax liabilities in that jurisdiction.

Employers can proactively manage these tax challenges by partnering with third-party experts well-versed in tax regulations. Many companies opt for integrated global payments and payroll systems to centralize documentation and streamline their tax compliance processes.

4. Levying Tax on Business Travelers

Business travelers play a crucial role in driving sales, networking, project implementation, training, and other business-related activities. With business travel, comes the concept of establishing a permanent entity in the host country from where the company carries out its operations. The process invites tax obligations based on the activities of a business traveler.

The host country may require tax to be withheld on certain payments to business travelers who aren’t residents. For instance, these payments include bonuses, salaries, or other types of compensation. Between countries, the rates and requirements of withholding tax tend to vary.

Business travelers are difficult to track as they don’t alter their address in the HRIS system. Here are some processes to track these employees:

  • Tracking mobile phones
  • Timesheet reporting
  • Self-certification
  • Expense accounts
  • Travel database or vendor reports
As business travelers remain tied to their original payroll location, the allocation of income and adherence to payroll regulations encompass a wide range of components such as salaries, equity-based compensation, benefits, and long-term incentives. This explains the need for a collaborative approach involving employees, payroll departments, and executive leadership to guarantee compliance.

5. Tax Equalization Management

Tax equalization ensures that employees facing international assignments pay taxes at the same rate as they would in their home country. If the foreign country has lower taxes, the company retains the savings, while it covers the difference if taxes are higher.

When creating a tax equalization policy, it’s crucial to address factors such as the treatment of spouses or partners, handling of income and capital gains, and considerations regarding property purchases in the host country.

Partnering with global employment and tax experts is recommended when developing a tax equalization policy. Working closely with a professional for global employee benefits solutions, businesses can align their policy with their core values to ensure cost-effectiveness.

6. Tax Treatment of Employee Benefits

Employee benefits include a wide range of offerings beyond salaries as compensations. Some of these are health insurance, paid time off (PTO), shares, retirement benefits, and more. It’s essential to note that benefits provided to employees within a global mobility program are subject to taxation.

Many countries, including Canada, have mandated the reporting of employee benefits. In Europe, a ‘pay where you work’ policy generally applies to benefits. These agreements may exempt employees from social security obligations in the new location, but a Certificate of Coverage may be required.

In the absence of such agreements, social security payment agreements are made jointly by the home and host countries.

7. Equity-Based Compensation Taxes

Equity-based compensation, also known as share-based compensation, presents unique tax considerations in mobility. This form of compensation provides employees with non-cash rewards that grant partial ownership of the company, including stock options, stock appreciation rights (SARs), restricted stock, and Employee Stock Purchase Plans (ESPPs).

One key challenge in managing equity-based compensation across borders is the lack of consistent tax treatment among countries. This disparity can lead to tax risks and consequences for employees.

Important factors to consider include:

  • The reporting and withholding rules of the host country
  • Country-specific laws that may impose limitations on payroll withholding for departing employees
  • Inconsistent regulations between the home and host countries, leading to timing discrepancies in the taxation of income
Therefore, it’s crucial to review individual equity-based compensation plans and determine the appropriate tax treatment in each relevant country.

8. Value-Added Tax (VAT)

Value-Added Tax (VAT) is a consumption tax applicable to goods or services within EU member states. This tax is levied on the final consumer of the product or service.

For instance, if your business sells a product to an EU-VAT registered company operating in another EU country, you do not charge VAT on that sale. However, if the same product is sold to an end consumer within the EU, VAT may be applicable based on the specific rate in their country.

VAT is structured around consumption rather than income. Unlike income tax, which imposes higher taxes on the wealthy, VAT applies uniformly to every purchase.

The tax is calculated on the gross margin throughout the sales process. This includes manufacturing, distribution, and selling stages. VAT is collected at each stage of this process, unlike a sales tax system where the tax is only paid by the consumer at the end of the supply chain.

Non-compliance of businesses with VAT regulations can invite tax evasion charges. Given that each country has its own rules, obligations, and filing requirements, it’s essential to establish a well-structured process to ensure full compliance with VAT obligations.

9. Transfer Pricing Impact

MNCs deploy transfer pricing strategies while shifting profits from high-tax jurisdictions to tax havens. This strategy involves selling goods and services within the company at artificially inflated prices.

For example, a company might purchase office supplies for an employee working abroad to shift profits outside the home country, thereby minimizing or avoiding taxes on profits.

Another scenario involves manufacturing software in a low-cost jurisdiction like China. The company then sells this software to an affiliate in a tax haven for the same amount, effectively shifting profits out of China. Subsequently, the tax haven affiliate resells the software to another affiliate in a different country at a genuine market price.

Transfer pricing not only allows your company to save costs (since the transfer price is typically lower than the market price of the product), but it also ensures product availability. This is because goods are manufactured internally within the company, eliminating the need to rely on external suppliers.

Transfer pricing poses a significant challenge due to its complexity. Unlike market prices, which are primarily determined by supply and demand, transfer prices are influenced by various factors, rendering the process intricate.

This complexity extends to its impact on taxation, both direct and indirect. Cross-border transactions’ pricing serves as the basis for calculating customs duties and distributing profits among involved parties, affecting the allocation of tax bases across jurisdictions.

To maintain compliance, it’s imperative for companies to conduct proactive analyses of their operations and stay abreast of evolving transfer pricing regulations.

Navigate the Challenges of Global Mobility

Global mobility has the potential to affect your company across various tax dimensions. It is crucial to comprehend factors such as tax residency, the impact of taxes on employee benefits, and compliance protocols such as tax equalization and VAT.

This underscores the significance of meticulous planning and adherence to regulations. In the absence of a well-thought-out strategy, a non-compliant business may incur substantial fines and penalties from local authorities, along with associated legal expenses. Moreover, non-compliance can lead to severe consequences, including legal repercussions, contract breaches, revoked licenses, and more.

In summary, having a robust global compliance policy is imperative for successfully conducting business internationally and avoiding compliance errors.

While taxation and compliance seem to be a complex domain, partnering with a reputable and experienced organization like the IMC Group can work for you. As a leading Global Mobility service provider, we provide comprehensive services tailored to meet the complex needs of global businesses.

UAE Corporate Tax

The Cabinet Decision No.10 of 2024, which came into effect on March 1, 2024, has been announced. The Federal Tax Authority (FTA) has outlined important dates for corporate tax registration, and it’s crucial to act swiftly. If you miss the deadline, you could be facing an AED 10,000 ($2700.00) fine.

The first deadline for juridical persons is May 31, 2024. This is part of the new tax rules from the FTA, reflecting the Corporate Taxation Law that kicked in last June, affecting all financial periods starting from then.

For any businesses commenced before March 1, 2024, you need to register for corporate tax by the dates mentioned below. And if you’re a new business by March 1, 2024, you have three months to register.

Staying on top of these rules is key.
Month of Licence issuance irrespective of year of issuance Deadline to apply for Corporate Tax Registration
1 January – 31 January 31 May 2024
1 February – 28/29 February 31 May 2024
1 March – 31 March 30 June 2024
1 April – 30 April 30 June 2024
1 May – 31 May 31 July 2024
1 June – 30 June 31 August 2024
1 July – 31 July 30 September 2024
1 August – 31 August 31 October 2024
1 September – 30 September 31 October 2024
1 October – 31 October 30 November 2024
1 November – 30 November 30 November 2024
1 December – 31 December 31 December 2024
Companies often struggle to keep up with changing tax regulations. At IMC, our experienced team is committed to helping in-house tax departments smoothly navigate the new corporate tax (CT) landscape with our Corporate Tax Advisory in UAE. Our tax experts conduct tax impact assessments, examine transfer pricing, review cross-border transactions, and develop operational strategies for businesses throughout the UAE.
Ready for Tax Success?

IMC is your go-to expert for Corporate Tax in the U.A.E. We’re dedicated to assisting you in keeping up with tax regulations so you can focus on growing your business. IMC Group believes in empowering businesses with the knowledge and tools they need for complete tax compliance.

Trust us to guide you through these changes with ease and confidence.

Remember, it’s not just about avoiding fines – it’s about ensuring your business thrives under the new tax laws. Let IMC help you get there.

The Transformative Force in GRC: Unraveling the Impact of Knowledge Graphs

In today’s rapidly changing business environment, the need for effective Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) management is more critical than ever. With the expansion of economic, geopolitical, social, healthcare, cybersecurity challenges, and more, the complexity of GRC tasks has significantly increased, particularly in sectors like healthcare.


A leading healthcare organization recently encountered distinct GRC challenges, spurred by the delicate nature of health information, stringent regulatory demands, and the fast-paced evolution of technology. These challenges revolve around safeguarding patient data, adhering to healthcare laws, managing clinical trial and medical research risks, and ensuring compliance amidst technological advancements.


IMC steps in with solutions tailored to the unique GRC hurdles faced by this healthcare firm. As an implementation partner of Corporater, a renowned software company, IMC crafts holistic strategies to navigate these GRC complexities. Corporater’s platform offers a unified solution for managing GRC across medium to large organizations, emphasizing data protection, regulatory compliance frameworks, and risk management in clinical settings. Our strategy includes regular compliance checks, compliance-oriented training for staff, and promoting a culture focused on compliance and risk consciousness among medical professionals. By embracing technology, we aim to streamline GRC processes and enhance cooperation between healthcare providers and regulatory authorities.

Key Elements:

Our approach emphasizes consistent compliance evaluations and equipping medical staff with the knowledge to follow strict protocols. Creating an environment that values compliance and risk awareness is key to strengthening GRC frameworks within healthcare organizations.

Leveraging Technology and Expertise:

Understanding technology’s critical role, IMC collaborates with healthcare institutions to integrate advanced GRC solutions via Corporater. This platform aligns GRC efforts with strategic objectives, enhancing transparency, accountability, and strategic decision-making across organizations. These partnerships facilitate smooth navigation through complex regulatory landscapes while embracing technological progress.


IMC’s initiatives lead to enhanced precision and innovation in healthcare GRC, enabling organizations to protect patient information, comply with regulations, and manage the risks associated with clinical research. By employing a knowledge graph to monitor clinical trial risks, healthcare organizations can link vast datasets, including trial specifics, participant data, progress, and outcomes, improving patient safety, regulatory compliance, and the speed of drug development.

The focus on precision in healthcare promotes a secure, compliant atmosphere that supports the adoption of innovative technologies for better patient care. IMC, in collaboration with Corporater, continues to push the boundaries of GRC excellence in the evolving healthcare sector.


The adoption of knowledge graphs has significantly enhanced the GRC capabilities of the company, positioning it as a leader in integrating cutting-edge technologies for comprehensive governance, risk management, and compliance. The dynamic adaptability of knowledge graphs ensures the company stays ahead in the rapidly changing regulatory landscape.

Join us in exploring the future of GRC, where its potential to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of your organization’s GRC strategies is boundless. IMC’s commitment to revolutionizing GRC in government sectors is evident through strategic partnerships, expertise, and customized solutions. Corporater enables organizations to align their governance, performance, risk, and compliance efforts with strategic goals, promoting a unified strategy that boosts organizational efficiency and supports sustainable growth.

A Comprehensive Approach to Corporate Security and Safety Awareness Training Program for Employees


In an era of rapid digitization, organizations across all sectors increasingly rely on information systems, introducing new efficiencies but also exposing them to evolving cyber threats. Studies, such as Verizon’s DBIR 2023, underscore the human factor as a pivotal element in cybersecurity, with 74% of successful breaches attributed to human error.

The Human Factor in Cybersecurity

Recognizing the significance of the human factor, organizations aim to instil a culture of security awareness among employees. Traditional approaches have proven insufficient in addressing the dynamic nature of cyber threats.

Modern Approaches to Cybersecurity Training

Enterprises now leverage modern, automated methods for effective training, aiming not only for compliance but genuine engagement.

Efficacy of Cybersecurity Training

A study on 12.5 million users highlights the effectiveness of such programs. Participants, after 12 months of cyber security awareness training, showed a remarkable 6-fold reduction in susceptibility to phishing attacks, dropping from 33.2% to 5.4%.

Transition to Workplace Safety

In the rapidly evolving digital landscape, workplace safety is equally crucial. Security awareness training becomes imperative, not merely as a compliance measure but as a strategic investment in collective defence.

Mitigating Social Engineering Risks

To mitigate social engineering risks, organizations implement practical training models such as:

  • Simulated Phishing Exercises: Creating an environment for employees to recognize and resist manipulation tactics.
  • Interactive Workshops: Conducting sessions covering the latest security threats, best practices, and real-world examples
Comprehensive Training Strategies

Monthly security awareness campaigns, security notice boards, two-factor authentication (2FA), and clear security policies form essential components of a comprehensive training strategy.

  • Monthly Campaigns: Focused on specific safety topics, providing targeted information and resources.
  • Security Notice Boards: Visual reinforcement serving as a constant reminder of the importance of workplace safety.
  • Two-Factor Authentication (2FA): Adding an extra layer of security, mitigating the risk of unauthorized access.
  • Clear Security Policies: Developing and communicating policies on acceptable use, data handling, and reporting procedures.
The symbiotic relationship between cybersecurity and safety awareness training is paramount for organizational resilience. By prioritizing these training initiatives, companies can fortify their defenses against evolving threats, fostering a workplace culture that values and prioritizes both cybersecurity and overall safety. In the digital age, continuous knowledge and practical measures serve as the best defense against the ever-changing landscape of cybSer threats.
Safeguarding Your Global Ventures: The Expert's Guide to Risk Reduction

Venturing into international markets is an appealing opportunity for companies seeking expansion, access to new markets, a broader range of skilled professionals, and various other advantages.

Indeed, expanding globally comes with inherent risks. These include increasing interest rates, inflation, geopolitical tensions, supply chain interruptions, and additional challenges. Multinational corporations are focused on mitigating these risks while actively seeking the advantages linked with international expansion.

Certain multinational companies are investigating options beyond the conventional method of international expansion. This traditional approach typically includes creating a legal entity in the desired country, initiating a local payroll system, and directly recruiting and compensating staff.

This article provides an overview of an alternative approach offering lower risk and flexibility than traditional international expansion methods. Additionally, it highlights essential aspects service providers often watch or restrain when pursuing this path.

Scaling Horizons Enterprises need to meticulously assess their alternatives prior to venturing into global markets, ensuring the selection of the most advantageous resolution in accordance with the regulations of the destination nation, short- and long-range corporate tactics, and additional variables. It is crucial to bear in mind that every nation possesses distinctive regulations governing taxation and labor, along with a variety of legal entity alternatives. This segment aims to furnish overarching insights into prevalent alternatives, encompassing advantages and pitfalls, and is not all-encompassing.

Engaging Independent Contractors

Engaging independent contractors during international expansion offers benefits like cost efficiency and tapping into local expertise and networks. However, relying on contractors carries significant risks. There’s a danger of violating local labor regulations if workers are incorrectly classified as contractors instead of employees according to local laws. Employing independent contractors should be limited to specific situations and, due to compliance risks, isn’t usually a suitable choice for expansion.

Non-Resident Employer Registration

Under specific circumstances, a company might qualify to register as a non-resident employer (NRE) in a country. This approach offers cost savings and a quicker setup than forming a legal entity. Yet, NREs come with constraints regarding the quantity of local staff and permitted operations. Typically, an NRE employs one or two individuals for two years or less.

Partnering with an Employer of Record (EOR)

An employer of record (EOR) or EOR provider is a company with an established local legal presence in a specific country. When a growing organization opts for an EOR, this provider hires local workers, pays them in the local currency, offers benefits, and manages income and social security tax payments to local authorities. Simultaneously, the growing company (the client of the EOR provider) supervises and directs these workers. Importantly, using an EOR solution means the expanding organization doesn’t have to establish its legal entity or payroll system in the target country.

Employer of Record services is not designed as a lasting employment resolution. Depending on regional regulations, the type of operations, the workforce size, and additional considerations, an entity might activate a permanent presence and associated responsibilities.

Local Entity Setup

Setting up a legal entity in the new country is the most official way to conduct business in a fresh market and offers the highest adaptability. Expanding globally through a legal entity grants a business complete market entry, allowing engagement in various activities and the hiring of any quantity of employees, among other benefits. Generally, this represents the optimal choice for enduring business commitments.

Exploring Markets Securely & Risk Reduction via EOR

The overview of expansion choices above emphasizes that creating a local legal entity is the most compliant and adaptable approach for entering a new country. However, initiating a legal entity in a new market signifies a substantial commitment, with the process being both costly and time-consuming, especially when considering the potential need to close it down later.

On the contrary, an EOR offers a company a relatively low-risk and swift method to expand internationally and, if needed, withdraw from the market. During periods of intense global economic or geopolitical uncertainty, or when a company isn’t entirely confident about the benefits of entering a new market, an EOR can be especially attractive. It enables an organization to evaluate market feasibility, workforce potential, and customer demand while minimizing expenses, legal intricacies, administrative burdens, and compliance risks.

Moreover, numerous EOR providers operate across multiple countries, allowing companies to test markets in diverse jurisdictions simultaneously. This comparison of outcomes can significantly influence their future operational strategies.

Determining the Transition from EOR to a Legal Entity

It’s crucial to note that an EOR arrangement isn’t intended for long-term use, nor does it provide a company with the ability to thoroughly conduct a broad spectrum of business operations within a country. Significantly, relying on an EOR might constrain an organization’s expansion within the target country. Depending on local tax regulations, enforcement trends, and other factors, if a company gradually hires an excessive number of workers under an EOR, it faces the risk of establishing a taxable presence, also known as a permanent establishment (PE). Therefore, it’s imperative for businesses utilizing an EOR to monitor their local headcount and operational activities closely.

As the risks of establishing a permanent establishment (PE) rise, a company must contemplate creating its local legal entity and transitioning EOR employees to the new entity’s payroll. Alternatively, the company might terminate its association with the EOR and withdraw from the market.

Triggering a permanent establishment involves navigating a complex and, at times, uncertain terrain. Hence, a company facing this situation should engage a third-party expert well-versed in local tax and labor laws to comprehend the advantages and drawbacks of continuing with an EOR. Generally, a company should utilize an EOR for two years or less before setting up its own legal entity or exiting the market.

Sometimes, EOR providers downplay or omit the risks related to permanent establishment (PE). Hence, it’s crucial to either partner with an EOR service provider capable of setting up legal entities, bank accounts, and payrolls in the expansion country or enlist a third-party advisor to accurately evaluate when to transition from the EOR to the company’s independent legal entity.

Establishing a legal entity might extend up to six months in select countries, so organizations should plan well in advance. Despite the potential expenses and time investment, creating a legal entity becomes more cost-efficient than utilizing an EOR once a company achieves a particular scale in a market. Additionally, it grants organizations the freedom to expand without concerns about their tax status.

It’s crucial to grasp that while an EOR offers a speedy, low-risk method to kick off operations in a new place, it might not suit every expansion scenario. Depending on various factors such as the target country, corporate strategies, planned activities, the number of employees involved, and other considerations, initiating a legal entity from the start could be more suitable.

Departing the Market

As previously mentioned, one advantage of using an EOR provider to enter a new market is the relatively swift and economical process of discontinuing the association and exiting the market if your plans alter or your endeavours don’t yield the expected advantages. Conversely, winding down a legal entity can be costly and typically spans around six months.

Should an organization utilizing an EOR depart from the market for any reason, it’s crucial to provide advanced notice to local employees and the EOR provider. Contractual or compliance obligations regarding employee notification and the continuation of benefits might exist. Additionally, terminating an engagement before the end of a calendar year might sometimes entail tax or other responsibilities.

Lastly, it’s worth noting that an EOR can serve as a viable option for organizations winding down a legal entity in a specific jurisdiction yet aiming to sustain a presence in the market. Just as an EOR presents a relatively low-risk market entry, it mitigates risks associated with a complete market exit by enabling the organization to uphold local relationships, cater to local clientele, and retain valued employees.

Bringing on board new employees for your company can often be challenging. IMC offers an EOR & PEO structure to streamline this process, enabling you to recruit fresh talent without establishing a new entity.

The Garne Changer in GRC: Exploring the Might of Knowledge Graphs
In the current dynamic business landscape, effectively managing Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC) is more essential than ever. The intricacies of GRC have intensified due to economic, geopolitical, social, healthcare, cybersecurity, and various internal and external risks. In this article, we will delve into GRC for the healthcare industry.


The topmost healthcare company recently faced unique challenges regarding Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC). These challenges arise due to the highly sensitive nature of patient data, complex regulations and the constantly evolving technology landscape.

The key challenges include ensuring data security and privacy, complying with healthcare regulations, managing risks related to clinical trials and medical research, and maintaining compliance while adopting new technologies.


IMC offers solutions to address the challenges encountered by the healthcare company. We specialize in tailoring comprehensive solutions to address the intricate GRC challenges the healthcare company faces. Our focus lies in fortifying data security measures, devising advanced compliance frameworks aligned with healthcare regulations, and leveraging innovative methodologies to manage and mitigate risks embedded within clinical trials and medical research. Regular compliance audits, staff training on compliance protocols, and fostering a culture of compliance and risk awareness among healthcare professionals are also crucial. Leveraging technology for streamlined GRC processes and fostering collaborations between healthcare and regulatory bodies can also address these challenges.

Key Elements:

We prioritize routine compliance assessments and empower healthcare professionals with specialized training on adherence to stringent protocols. Fostering a culture of compliance and heightened risk awareness is central to fortifying GRC frameworks within healthcare organizations.

Leveraging Technology and Expertise:

Recognizing the pivotal role of technology, we collaborate closely with healthcare entities to adopt cutting-edge solutions that streamline GRC processes—these strategic collaborations aid in navigating the intricate maze of regulations while embracing technological advancements seamlessly.


IMC initiatives drive precision and advancement in healthcare GRC. Our tailored solutions enable healthcare entities to safeguard patient data, adhere to stringent regulations, and effectively manage risks inherent in clinical trials and research endeavors. Here, a healthcare entity uses a knowledge graph to oversee risks related to clinical trials. The knowledge graph compiles extensive data, including trial details, patient involvement, trial progress, and medical research outcomes. By connecting information within this vast dataset, organizations can enhance patient safety, comply with regulations, and expedite drug development processes.

Precision is crucial in healthcare. This concerted approach fosters a secure and compliant environment conducive to adopting innovative technologies to improve patient care. IMC continues to be a driving force in enhancing GRC standards within the ever-evolving healthcare landscape.


The company boosted its GRC capabilities by harnessing knowledge graphs, establishing itself as a pioneer in adopting advanced technologies for comprehensive governance, risk management, and compliance. The dynamic nature of the knowledge graph allowed them to stay ahead in a swiftly changing regulatory environment.

Explore the future of GRC with us, uncovering its potential to enhance efficiency and effectiveness in your organization’s GRC strategies. Our commitment to revolutionize GRC in government institutions showcases our dedication. IMC continues to elevate GRC standards within the demanding governmental sector through strategic partnerships, expertise, and tailored solutions.

Common Questions About Foreign Portfolio Investment

India’s currency has weakened due to a significant outflow of funds. However, its strong underlying strengths and projected growth continue to make it an appealing prospect for foreign investors.

Indian investors can invest from anywhere via several routes: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI), Foreign Venture Capital Investment, and Alternative Investment Fund.

Today’s topic of discussion is one of the most popular investment paths – Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI).

What is Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI)?

Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) refers to the investment made by non-residents in Indian securities. These securities may include shares, government bonds, corporate bonds, convertible securities, and units of business trusts, among others. Investors who fall under this category are known as Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs).

Can you provide information about India's main laws and regulations for a Foreign Portfolio Investor (FPI)?

The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) primarily regulates foreign portfolio investments in India. Recently, SEBI has introduced new regulations, called SEBI (Foreign Portfolio Investors) Regulations, 2019, which replace the old 2014 Regulations. In addition to these regulations, Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) must comply with the Foreign Exchange Management Act of 1999 and the Income-tax Act of 1961.

What are the different Types/Categories of Foreign Portfolio Investors in India?

An applicant can obtain an FPI license under SEBI regulations in one of two categories below:

(a) “Category I FPI”, mainly includes:

  • Investors associated with the government or government entities
  • Pension funds and university funds are two separate types of financial entities
  • Entities like asset managers, banks, and investment advisors should be appropriately regulated
  • Entities that meet the eligibility criteria set by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) member countries

(b) “Category II FPI” includes all investors who are not eligible under Category I:

  • Funds that are appropriately regulated cannot be considered as Category-I foreign portfolio investors
  • Endowments and foundations are charitable organizations supporting a specific cause or mission
  • “Corporate bodies” refers to organizations or groups legally recognized as distinct entities from their members or owners
  • Family offices
  • Individuals
  • Unregulated funds can take the form of limited partnerships and trusts.

What are the advantages of registering as a Category I FPI compared to Category II?

The main advantages of category I are listed below:

(a) Determining the eligibility to issue Offshore Derivative Instruments (ODIs);

(b) Compared to Category II FPIs, Category I FPIs enjoy easier compliance with certain KYC norms.

(c) Regarding stock and currency derivatives, the position limits have been increased.

Category I FPIs are exempt from the Indian Income-tax Act’s “Indirect Transfer” provisions. These provisions apply to overseas investors who transfer shares/interest in an overseas entity with assets in India.

What are the key operational aspects to consider when making a foreign portfolio investment?

The following are the significant operational features:

1. Appoint a legal representative:

To obtain an FPI license under SEBI regulations in India, it is necessary to appoint a legal representative to assist in the process. The application needs to be submitted in the prescribed format, along with all the required documentation. Financial institutions authorized by the Reserve Bank of India can act as legal representatives and reputable law firms.

2. Appoint a Tax advisor:

If you are an FPI working in India, complying with all tax obligations is essential. A tax advisor can help you with this by maintaining records, issuing certificates for repatriating funds out of India, handling annual tax compliances, and representing you before tax authorities. By hiring a tax advisor, you can ensure that you meet all the requirements and avoid any legal issues related to taxes in India.

3. Appoint a Domestic Custodian

Before investing in India, appointing a domestic custodian to provide custodial services such as banking and Demat operations for your securities is essential. A domestic custodian refers to any entity registered with SEBI to carry out the activity of providing custodial services for securities.

What tax compliances must an FPI follow under the Income Tax Act of 1961?

Foreign Portfolio Investors invest in securities such as shares, bonds, debentures, and units of business trust, earning income in the form of dividends, interest, and capital gains. They must remit this income and capital investment out of India regularly.

To remit funds, deposit the applicable income tax with the government treasury. Taxes depend on the nature of the income and can be paid through withholding or self-assessment. Also, the banker must have a tax advisor’s certificate to remit the funds.

FPIs must file an annual tax return electronically at the end of each Indian financial year. If requested, tax authorities may scrutinize the return.

FPIs face several burning issues under the current tax regime

Many Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) structured as non-corporates have to pay a higher surcharge rate on their income from capital gains. As a result, several FPIs are contemplating converting their structure from non-corporate to corporate. However, this conversion may attract General Anti Avoidance Rules (GAAR) under Indian tax laws.

FPIs with fund managers in India with potential business connections must satisfy prescribed conditions.

Areas Where IMC Can Assist FPIs:
IMC Group has a team of experts to help Foreign Portfolio Investors invest in India. We offer the following services:

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